When writing expositions, the central objective of the speaker (sender) is to explain about a subject, from resources such as conceptualization, definition, description, comparison, information and enumeration. This should allow the reader to clearly identify the central theme of the text. An important fact is the presentation of enough information; if it is something new this becomes essential. When it comes to controversial subjects, the presentation of arguments is necessary for the author to inform readers about the possibilities of analyzing the subject. The text should be comprehensive and should be understood by different types of people.
The work should present resources such as:
- Instruction, when it presents instructions to be followed;
- Information when it presents information about what is presented and / or discussed;
- Description, when it presents information about the characteristics of what is being presented;
- Definition, when we want to make clear to our reader what exactly we are talking about;
- Enumeration, when it involves the identification and sequential presentation of information regarding what we are writing;
- Comparison, when the author wants to ensure that his reader will understand well what he means;
- Contrast when, when analyzing a given question, the author of the text wishes to show that it can be observed from more than one angle, or that there are opposing positions.
Writing Exposures Correctly – Tips
Listed below are some tips that will be useful when writing exhibitions to correctly write your work with expository text. You may already be familiar with most of these points, but remember these points before you start writing. You can follow the steps below:
- Basis of Evidence
- Critical Thinking
The steps you need to follow when preparing your task are:
- Read the question – rewrite the question in your own words;
- Check the question – if there are other sub questions;
- Check the evaluation criteria;
- Write a sketch structure for your text, with keywords in a logical order;
- Send an outline of the text to your tutor or teacher with up-to-date deadline. The text should not exceed two pages. It should only include titles and keywords in each section of text;
- For each section, think about each “claim” and what evidence you need to make these statements;
- Search the Internet and the resources of the material module to support your claims;
- Create a list of all the references you have used in your work;
- Next to each claim, write a sentence that summarizes the reference (author’s name and year).
Before presenting your work, it is indispensable to check that the text is:
- A count of number of words at the beginning of the job;
- A title, introduction and conclusion;
- One answer to each question (and sub questions);
- A cover sheet;
- All figures and tables have a reference;
- Correct references to each test material – articles, websites and reviews. They must be written correctly according to the rules;
- A list of references at the end of the paper.
Writing expositions correctly – Writing the text
Here are some tips that might be useful when writing exhibitions:
- Sketch: Before starting work, it may be a good idea to write a rough outline that includes the main points that we will discuss. This will help you to organize your ideas and perform literature searches. It will also help you divide your count of number words between different sections of the text.
- Introduction: It is really important to start the work with a clear introduction, which should include a brief history, mention the topic to be discussed and the purpose or purpose of writing this work. The introduction usually is usually 1-2 paragraphs.
- Continuity of ideas: It is especially important to ensure continuity of ideas, both between paragraphs and within a paragraph so that the reader is able to follow his line of thought or argument. As a general rule, discuss each main point of the theme of your work in a different paragraph.
- Use of “I” and “you”: Academic writing is impersonal so you should avoid using ‘I’ or ‘you’ in the text. Try to build your arguments, including evidence and opinions from different sources and different perspectives so that you present a clear and unbiased picture. If you want to include your opinion, do so indirectly. For example: Include your opinion by saying: “In my opinion, implementing such an intervention is difficult because …”. Instead of ‘I think implementing an intervention is difficult because …’
- Bullets and Numbering: Paragraphs are preferable to bullets and numbering in the literature and this will allow you to pause to discuss each point.
- Use examples: It is vital that you have a clear and comprehensive understanding on the subject, with the help of multiple sources and that you are able to identify strengths and weaknesses objectively. Finally you must show that you are able to apply this knowledge in practice. Including examples while writing exhibitions is a great way to demonstrate what was quoted above.
- Word Count: Ensure that the number of words in your work is not far below or well above the norm, and as mentioned earlier, drawing a sketch can help avoid these two situations.
- The inclusion of tables and figures: Tables and figures can very effectively convey information to the reader, but it is not advisable to include more than 2 in the text. Also, clearly indicate to the reader the relationship of each table or figure to the appropriate part of the main text. It is indispensable to include clear titles for each table or figure and clearly mention the source, both in the figure / table and in the bibliography list.
- Conclusion: The concluding paragraph provides a summary of the entire text. This is where you can reaffirm the important points and describe the meaning in your study. Most conclusions include three main points such as re-indicating the purpose of the paper, followed by a summary of the main theme and the final comments that often consider the future.
- References: Make references to all citations in their correct format and according to standards, including web pages and reports.
Tips on how to adopt an evidence-based and critical approach to academic writing
We have already seen above that expository text has the purpose of presenting information about a specific object or fact, enumerating its characteristics by means of a clear and concise language. Now an evidence is the set of elements used to support the confirmation or denial of a particular theory or hypothesis. Here are some tips on how to use evidence when writing exhibitions:
- Reread the question and try to rewrite the question in your own words.
- Check if there are other sub questions in the question;
- Check the evaluation criteria;
- Make a list and an order of all the keywords that you want to include in each section of work;
- Verify that at each point of text there is a statement that explains the information and knowledge that you believe is correct;
Try to answer the following questions yourself before starting work: Is it your opinion? Do other people have a similar or different opinion? Not a subject that was searched? Why was not it searched? Why would it be difficult to collect data on this subject? Is it a controversial topic? Is it difficult to get funding for research? Is not it a research priority? Or is it based on something you read? Do you know if there is something posted on this topic in your country or in other countries?
How can I choose my sources of information in a critical way?
When analyzing information (whether information is published or unpublished), it is important to be critical about the quality of the information and remember that all data sources have their limitations, that is, it is always possible to perfect and supplement the available material.
When you read an article, it is important to summarize the main conclusions and perspectives of the topic discussed. Also reflect on how the context of the research differs from the context in your country (for example, how population demographics are different, how health systems are different, how culture / behavior is different). Each time you find an article you want to include in your work, add it to your list of all references.